Armenian monastery Goshavank
The medieval monastic complex, which is located in the village of Gosh in the Tavush region of Armenia, stands peacefully among oak forests and beckons with its grandeur and universal calm.
The monastery dates from 12-13 centuries.
The very position of the monastery is interesting: it did not have walls that would protect the monastery. For this reason Goshavank is in the middle of the village buildings.
Once upon a time there was a monastery called Getik. This was in 1188. It was destroyed because of an earthquake. And in its place Goshavank was built.
History of Goshavank
Political figure Mkhitar Gosh actively participated in the construction of the monastery. It is for this reason that the complex was named Goshavank.
Mkhitar Gosh also laid the foundation of the school, which was an important centre of education in those days.
Within the walls of this school Kirakos Gandzaketsi was educated who later became the author of the “History of Armenia”.
Architecture and composition of Goshavank monastic complex
The style in which the monastic complex is built can be called uniquely classical: no decorations, superfluous lines, everything is harmonious and interconnected.
Surb Astvatsatsin is one of the churches of the complex. The strict style of the architect who embodied his ideas in the construction determines the whole appearance of the church.
The main church of the complex is called the Church of St. Gregory the Illuminator. It is slightly different in its external solemn decoration, semi-arches, patterned relief.
On the second floor there is a book depository and a bell tower. What happened here? One can only guess… Refectory, a library, a place for solitude, a reading room. There are a lot of versions. The answer is known only to the silent walls.
It’s not so easy to get to the second floor. Two stairs lead here, but not everyone will climb on them.
There is also a chapel and behind it the museum of Mkhitar Gosh stands. Here the old walnut tree welcomes everyone, it has its own story. Very ancient, with a mighty lush crown. They say that the tree was planted by the great scientist Mkhitar Ghosh himself.
Khachkars of Goshavank
At the entrance to the church, the gaze is attracted by the khachkars – unique monuments of the history of Armenia. One of the khachkars is made in a special style: we see the star and the name of the master – Pogos. The patterns are as if embroidered on a stone, so this khachkar is called “asekhnagortz”. In translation, this means “made with a needle”.
The whole monastic complex causes not only admiration and delight, but also inner peace and tranquillity.
Step by step you live the milestones of history that the country was going through.
As if lost in time and space, Goshavank conquers with external magnificence and strictness of architectural style.