The history of the Armenian people goes back to ancient times and it is inextricably linked with the history of the ancient world of all mankind.
The events mentioned by Armenian sources descend to 2107 BC. It allows not only to trace the history of Armenia, but also to specify the dates of events from the history of Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Judea, Persia, Greece, Rome, and also the small peoples of Transcaucasia and the Caucasus. Priceless manuscripts, the oldest books are stored in Yerevan in Matenadaran.
In turn, many ancient historians-non-Armenians (Pliny, Herodotus) repeatedly mention Armenians as direct participants in the most significant events of ancient history (participation in the battle under the walls of Troy, in the defeat of Assyria and Babylon, etc.).
According to the testimony of the ancient Armenian historian Moisey Khorensky (IV – V centuries), Ancient Armenia was divided into Great Armenia and Lesser Armenia, between which the Euphrates River flowed. Great Armenia in the north bordered with Albania, Iveria, Colchis, Trabzon; To the south: with Syria, Mesopotamia, Assyria; In the east: with Persia and the Caspian Sea; To the west: with Lesser Armenia.
Small Armenia in the north bordered Pontus and Cappadocia of Polymonias, to the south: with Syria and Cilicia, to the east: with Great Armenia and to the west with Cappadocia proper.
Small Armenia consisted of Armenia: First, Second and Third; Later, Cilicia and a part of northern Syria (Euphratesia) were added to it. Under the pressure of Rome from Little Armenia was separated one part, called Fourth Armenia and annexed to the Roman province of Mesopotamia.
Great Armenia consisted of 15 provinces, each of which was divided into districts, bearing names by the name of the largest cities. So, the province of Vaspurakan had 36 districts. .
Geographical position of Armenia was very convenient: it was like a bridge connecting West and East. The wonderful climate allowed to cultivate grain, to grow vegetables, in the forests there were a lot of beasts. Crafts and trade flourished in the cities. But conquerors and the borders of Ancient Armenia were subject to constant changes, and the Armenians had to master all new lands.
To resist Rome, Armenia was forced to unite with Parthia. The Armenian-Parthian troops expelled the Romans from Armenia. In 62, a peace treaty was concluded, and the tsar was proclaimed Trdat I (63-80 years), to whom the royal crown was awarded by the Roman emperor Nero. The ARSHAKID dynasty was established in Armenia (63-428g).
Thus, the independence of Armenia was restored. The capital of Armenia was moved to Vagharshapat. In III-IV centuries, feudal relations arose in Armenia. The country became a feudal monarchy. Nakharars – landowners began to play a significant role. They led the government departments. Each part governed by a nakharar was independent, although it obeyed the central authority of the tsar.
In 301, under King Trdat III, the most important event of the national history took place – in Armenia, Christianity became the state religion. An Armenian church was formed, the first head of which was Grigor the Illuminator (Lusavorich).
The history of the country is the history of the nation that has experienced ups and downs. The most important thing is the belief in independence.
And in 1991 Armenia gained its independence.
We cannot say how old is Armenian civilization…
The country opens its secrets only for them who are interested in it…